Influenza is a Virus and also a Clinical Illness

Disease Epidemics and Viruses

The obstacle to unmasking the stranger that is influenza, is the fact that it is two different things. If an epidemic strikes, and you come down with the same disease as everyone else, but an influenza virus can’t be isolated from your throat and you don’t develop antibodies to one, then you are said not to have influenza. But the fact is that although viruses are associated in some way with disease epidemics, they have never been shown to cause them (Firstenberg, 2020).

Seventeen years of surveillance by Hope-Simpson in and around Cirencester, England, revealed that influenza viruses are not readily communicated from one person to another within a household. Seventy percent of the time, even during the “Hong Kong flu” pandemic of 1968, only one person in a household would get the flu. If a second person had the flu, both often caught it on the same day. This meant that they did not catch it from each other. Sometimes different minor variants of the virus were circulating in the same village, even in the same household. On one occasion two young brothers who shared a bed had different variants of the virus, proving that they could not have caught it from each other, or even from the third person (Hope-Simpson, 1979).

Pandemic of 1918 (“Spanish Flu”)

Experiments that failed to transmit the disease to Navy volunteers

A report from the Journal of the American Medical Association was published in 1919 and describes experiments carried out at an island in Boston harbour. Report by Milton T. Rosenau, M.D.

“The work itself was conducted a Gallops Island, which is the quarantine station of the Port of Boston. This serves adequately for the purposes of isolation, observations, and maintenance of the large group of volunteers and personnel necessary to take care of them. The volunteers…were mostly between 18 and 25, only a few of them around 30 years old: and all were in good physical condition. None of the volunteers, 100 all told in number, had “influenza”.

“We proceeded to transfer the virus obtained from cases of the disease; that is, we collected the material and mucous secretions of the mouth and nose and throat and bronchi from cases of the disease and transferred this to our volunteers. The patient then gargles with some of the solution. Next we obtain some bronchial mucous through coughing, and then we swab the mucous surface…and also mucous membrane of the throat…this is the material we transfer to our volunteers. In this particular experiment, in which we used ten volunteers, each of them received a comparatively small quantity of this. About 1 c.c. was sprayed into each nostril and into the throat, while inspiring, and on the eye. None of these took sick.”

“…we planned another experiment, in which we obtained a large amount of material…each one of these volunteers in this experiment, ten in number, received 6 c.c. of the mixed stuff that I have described. They received it into each nostril; received it in the throat, and on the eye….none of them took sick.” (Rosenau, 1919).

Abnormal Atmospheric Conditions

During the 1918-1919 pandemic, monkeys and baboons perished in great numbers in South Africa and Madagascar, sheep in northwest England, horses in France, moose in northern Canada, and buffalo in Yellowstone (Beveridge, 1978). There is no mystery here. We are not catching the flu from animals, nor they from us. If influenza is caused by abnormal electromagnetic conditions in the atmosphere, then it affects all living things at the same time. This includes living beings that don’t share the same viruses or live closely with one another (Firstenberg, 2020).

References

Firstenberg, Arthur. 2020. The Invisible Rainbow, A History of Electricity and Life, Chelsea Green, London.

Beveridge, William Ian. 1978. Influenza: The Last Great Plague. New York: Prodist.

Rosenau, Milton, J. 1919. “Experiments to Determine the Mode of Spread of Influenza”. Journal of the American Medical Association 73(5): 311-13.

Hope-Simpson, Robert Edgar. 1979. “Epidemic Mechanisms of Type A Influenza.” Journal of Hygiene (Cambridge) 83(1) :11-25.

Journal Of Hygiene. Viruses and Disease.
Journal of Hygiene
the invisible rainbow
The Invisible Rainbow

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